This course focuses on the periodic trends in the properties of the elements. It tends to show how the trends can be rationalized in terms of models of structure, bonding and reactivity, It gives a survey of the systematic of the metallic elements. These elements are the most numerous, and their chemical properties are encountered in many contexts. The Electronic structure, general properties and comparative study of group IA elements are reviewed. The Chemistry of the alkaline-earth elements and their compounds are also considered. Inert pair effects on electronic structure and chemical properties Groups IIIB to VIB elements are to be discussed. The Chemistry of Boron; Carbon; Silicon; Nitrogen; phosphorus; Oxygen and Sulphur; The halogens and the noble gases will be explored. Transition elements and their chemistry, applications and industrial catalysis are considered. Co-ordination Chemistry; Ligand and Crystal field theorem will be further buttressed and the concept Radiochemistry reviewed.
COURSE DESCRIPTION This course is an exploratory and an important course for the chemistry students, especially designed primarily for 300 level classes and allied disciplines. It is meant to provide in-depth study of organic compounds the activities of functional groups and the aromatics. The topics to be covered include: unsaturated aliphatics, alicyclics, haloalkanes, alcohols, carbonyls, carboxylic acids and derivatives polyfunctional compounds and aromatics.
Physical Chemistry II is designed for students in Chemistry and other allied departments with a view to fostering their understanding on the basic principles of thermodynamics, electrolytes and quantum theory and their application to solving physical chemical problems. The course material covers areview of Gibbs free energy, chemical thermodynamics, introduction to statistical thermodynamics, properties of electrolytes and solutions. The course also introduces quantum mechanics for chemists at the beginnerâ€™s level.
This course is an introductory, third year course in chemistry.It is designed primarily for Industrial Chemistry students to understand organometallic as a link between organic and inorganic chemistry. Understand the two classes of organometallic and their methods of preparations.Appreciate electron counting as the basis for understanding reactivity, structure and stability. It will assist students to appreciate organometallics as the basis of homogenous catalysis which is a method of choice for clean and efficient production of fine chemicals.
Survey of Nigeriaâ€™s industries and their raw material requirements. Mineral chemistry. Fossils and their uses. Coal, petroleum and bitumen. Plant and animal products. Nuclear, solar and hydrodynamic sources of energy. Renewable sources of energy, energy from biomass. Potentials and application of locally available raw material as industrial feed stocks. The course is exploratory on the potentiality of available raw materials, their processing and application or end-use.
Chemists play a vital role in monitoring the status of the environment and the quality of environmental resources. As undergraduates of industrial chemistry, this course introduces the students to the concept of the environment as encompassing the entire global space including water (surface, oceans, seas), land, and the atmosphere (air). The course exposes the student to the concept of pollution and how anthropogenic activities have contributed to the pollution of the various phases of the environment. It also teaches the student the determination of different quality parameters in environmental samples, including instrumental techniques and the methods used for water and wastewater treatment.
As undergraduates of Industrial Chemistry, this course provides you with the knowledge of the basic foundational concepts in industrial processing. Away from the traditional branches: Organic, Inorganic, Physical, and Analytical Chemistry; this course introduces you to the actual operations in chemical industries and provides knowledge of the key areas such as raw materials sourcing and processing (with emphasis on crude oil and coal), intermediates and conversion of chemical materials to final products. It teaches important concepts such as optimisation, mass balance and energy balance which are very crucial to the processing of materials in the chemical industries. The course will test your ability to analyse critically and to solve mathematical problems, and in return, you would be rewarded with skills which will distinguish you from pure and theoretical chemists! Ultimately, the course will prepare you for your future role as a chemist in the Industrial sense.
Instrumental Methods of Chemical analysis is a course that introduces students to use of electronic modules set up as chemical instruments to extract information from chemical process. The course shall include description of instruments that analyse chemical species base on absorption or emission of electromagnetic radiation. Principles and operating conditions among others shall also be discussed.
This course is purely experimental and focuses of on Experiments tailored towards 300-level courses. Experimental aspects of the following are considered: thermodynamics, kinetics; rate and order of reaction, Arrhenius equation, analytical chemistry; classical and instrumentation, qualitative analysis and organic synthesis. The students are guided through the preparation and purification of acetyl salicylic acid. Practical application of chromatography and solvent extraction in separation of mixtures will be considered. The students will then be led through the production of soap, detergent and surfactants and other cosmetics, lavender, scents and deodorants. Finally the principles of glass blowing and reformations will be introduced.
This course is and advancement to Atomic Structure and Bonding. It describes in more details the use of quantum mechanics to predict molecular structure and the concept of symmetry. It introduces wave mechanics as the basis for predicting the atomic orbitals. The course also considers The Helium atom in ground and excited states. It reviews and compares Molecular and Valence bond theorem. The molecular orbital of diatomic molecules is presented to further describe the bonding theorem. The concept of resonance and configuration interaction is also considered. Other theorem governing bonding such as the simple pie theory, Huckel theory and Walsh rules are considered. The use of symmetry in chemistry is also reviewed.
This course is an exploratory and an important course for the chemistry students, especially designed primarily for 300 level classes and allied disciplines. However, it also meets the need of students in other fields, as a course that provides more information on the conversion processes and chemistry that are involved in the production of petrochemicals and petroleum products in petroleum industries and allied industries. Designing and drawing of conversion/product flow charts with conditions necessary to achieve the said products and derivatives, handling of side chain reactions for effective cost of production and at the use of minimum energy for maximum output. It gives information on the Economic importance of petrochemicals and derived products, for commercial, industrial and domestic uses.
Natural products chemistry deals with the identification, extraction and eventual modification of compounds that are of natural origin - plants, animals, and bacteria - for pharmaceutical use and for other purposes. Students taking this course are expected to have some prior knowledge and know-how of techniques and methodologies for the isolation and purification methods of organic compounds. Topics that are covered include the many types of lipids and their nutritional values; natural and synthetic steroids and their importance in biological systems, etc. Students are also guided through the basic knowledge of the general structures of the terpenes, terpenoids, alkaloids, prostaglandins and chlorophyll. The synthesis and biogenesis of these natural products are also mentioned.
Polymer Chemistry I is a course that introduces students to Polymer science, engineering and technology, where types of polymer, reactions to form polymer, polymerization mechanisms, structures, properties and application of polymer will be taught.
This an introductory course designed primarily for students majoring in Chemistry to prepare them for the study of Colouring matters, Dyes and Textile Chemistry at higher levels. Topics to be covered include: Historical survey of colouring matters in nature; Chemistry, properties of dyes and pigments; Colour and Chemical constitutions; Excitation and colour; Classification of dyes and fibres; Preparation and dyeing of natural and synthetic fibres and Colour fastness properties and other parameters of assessing dye quality.
The structures in chemistry are symbols representing real existence of the compounds that form the substance of study in organic chemistry. The student had in the course of the study of organic chemistry written many structures without asking how the structures had come to be. This course offers the student the opportunity to learn and appraise the use of spectroscopic instruments in the determination of the structures of organic compounds. The instruments include: uv, ir, nmr, and ms. The student shall learn the theory of the various instruments and the interpretation of spectra.
Production of primary intermediates and synthesis of industrial organic chemical polymers; organic and inorganic polymers, adhesives; natural and synthetic e.g. petroleum based adhesives, dyes; reactive dyes, explosives; TNT, nitrocellulose, dynamite and nuclear explosive, insecticides; chlorinated hydrocarbons, phosphate and inorganic insecticides, herbicide; atrazine and glyophosate, flavouring agents and pharmaceuticals. Fermentation process. Introduction to biotechnology. Fuel from biomass.
This course is an introductory; it is designed primarily for Industrial Chemistry students to understand some elementary principles of transport phenomena underlying the unit operations in Chemical engineering/process. It actual deal with studies of transport phenomena: fluid flow, momentum, heat and mass transfer during chemical processing in industry. This will involve basic equations, terminologies and their relationships in chemical and allied process industries. This course will also take the students to appreciate the basic industrial process equipments and their working principle.
This course provide a platform for students in Industrial Chemistry to be exposed to the general concept of quality assurance/quality control and industrial hazards in chemical and allied industries. The focus is to impart useful skills on the students in order to enhance their competence in laboratory products quality control and handling of industrial hazards so as to prepare them for challenges they are likely to encounter in the industry. Topics to be covered include the concept of quality assurance/quality control and its benefits to the manufacturing industries; specifications and standards; standards in food and pharmaceutical industries; ISO 9000 Series; quality assurance/quality control in analytical laboratory; application of Hazard Analysis and Critical Control Point in products safety; quality control as applied to selected products; type of occupational /industrial hazards; industrial and laboratory accidents and their effects; control of industrial and laboratory hazards; first aids and response to laboratory and industrial accidents; good laboratory practice and laboratory organisation.